Posts Tagged ‘Accounting’

Teen Abortions

November 17th, 2022

Today, having an abortion within the first two trimesters of pregnancy is legal in the United States for adult women. For teens, it is much more complicated. In some states, it is illegal for a child under the age of 18 to have an abortion without the consent of her parent or guardian unless the pregnancy is an immediate threat to her health. Some states do not require the permission of the parent but do require parental notification first. In some states, Idaho for example, having an abortion without the knowledge or consent of parents is allowed.

Debates Concerning the Laws

Laws that limit a teenager’s right to an abortion are constantly being challenged in court. It has been argued that a teenage girl has the same rights as an adult woman when it comes to making decisions about her body. It has also been argued that certain circumstances might require abortions to be done immediately and do not allow much time for parental notification. Opponents of these laws question its inflexibility and its invasive nature to the rights of the minor.

Proponents of these notification laws argue that minors do not and should not have the same rights as adults. They say that minors do not have the necessary mental capability to handle a situation as grave as something like this. That is why, they say, it is necessary for the parent to know the circumstances of the situation and to be the one to make the decision.


Research has shown that at least eight percent of all abortions conducted are on adolescents. Even though parental consent is required in most states, teenage girls tend to hide their true age. Clinics will then go ahead and perform the procedure without notifying the parents.

CNA Certification in Idaho and OBRA Requirements

April 22nd, 2022

The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (OBRA) of 1987 was passed to improve the quality of care in the Nursing Facilities (NFs) and Skilled Nursing Facilities (SNFs). OBRA requires nursing assistants to complete Nurse Aide Training Program (NATP) of 75 hours, and pass the Competency evaluation Program (CEP) to be eligible to assist residents with ADL and direct patient cares.

The legislation further requires all states to include minimum OBRA education standards in their training programs, and maintain a state Nurse Aide registry to list all certified nurse aides who successfully meet the OBRA Nurse Aide Training and Competency Evaluation (NATCEP) requirements, and earn CNA Certification proving their competency. Federal regulations also direct the licensed, and skilled nursing facilities to employ only these certified nursing aides for direct patient cares who are listed on the Registry in good standing.

The state of Idaho has also included federal provisions in the state Nurse Aide Training and Competency Evaluation Program. The state law requires nursing students to complete the state-approved training program, and pass the copetency test before applying for an entry-level nursing assistant job. The Idaho Department of Health and Welfare prohibits uncertified nursing assistants from performing nursing assistant-related tasks in the state. The Department is also responsible for overseeing the inclusion of federal provisions in the state-approved CNA certification program.

Idaho Nurse Aide Training Program

The state-approved Nurse Aide training Program is 120 hours in length, more than 35 hours of what OBRA requires, and includes 40 hours of clinical training, and 80 hours of theoretical classroom education and lab trainings. The nursing students complete their clinical hands-on experience in a long-term care facility under the direction and supervision of a RN or LPN. The training program prepares unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) in nursing and nursing assistant-related tasks. On successful completion of the training program, nursing students are eligible to challenge the Idaho CNA Certification Test.

Idaho Competency Evaluation Test

The Idaho Department of Health and Welfare has sought the services of a nationally known testing vendor, Prometric to schedule, administer, and score the competency testing. The Department-approved competency testing consists of two independent tests, a Written/Knowledge Test, and a Skills demonstration Test. The Written Test content features 60 questions to be completed in 90-minutes.

The skills test is a competency assessment tool with the Department for evaluating the direct patient care skills of nursing assistants. The skills test contains five (5) performance-based skills. The testing candidates will have to demonstrate the skills on a client or a volunteer, and they are scored on the basis of each demonstrated skill. The successful performance of all five skills passes the test.

The nursing students who fail the CNA exam on their first shot can attempt the test thrice within 24-months, but if they fail to pass the test even in three chances they will have to enrol, attend, and complete the training program once again to be eligible for retesting. The successful candidates are awarded CNA Certification in Idaho, and listed on the state Nurse Aide Registry. Once certified, CNAs assist long-term care patients with the activities of daily livings (ADL), and provide long-term cares to patients in varied settings The Department of Health and Welfare regulates the Idaho Nurse Aide registry.